The Hummer truck/SUV brand thrived between 1992 and 2010. The brand was last owned by General Motors. The original Hummer was a domesticated version of AM General’s HMMWV or Humvee (High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle), a vehicle that was designed for war or military use, not civilian use. Therefore, the Hummer was not your average 4X4 truck or SUV; it was a huge, extra-wide, military-grade vehicle that could go virtually anywhere. It broke many rules of road-going normalcy, and that’s probably why it became so popular so quickly. After Arnold Schwarzenegger introduced the Hummer to the civilian world, it was quickly snatched up by top celebrities like Mike Tyson, Don King, Montel Williams, Ted Turner, Andre Agassi, Tom Clancy, Karl Malone, Coolio, LeBron James, Shaq, and many others.
To fully grasp all that the Hummer is, it is important to understand the Humvee. In June 1981, AM General won the bid to build Humvees for the US Army. The Humvee was to be a super-sturdy transport vehicle that could carry troops and heavy cargo over the harshest terrains imaginable. This meant that it had to have full-time 4-wheel-drive and a heavy-set, armored body structure that was solid enough to even launch anti-tank missiles without flinching. It weighed up to 5,900 pounds (curb weight). Some Humvees even had a central tire inflation system that could inflate each tire on the go.
AM General had been toying with the idea of building a civilian version of the Humvee during the late 1980s, but it was only when famous actor Arnold Schwarzenegger lobbied for such a civilian Humvee version that they made it a priority. In 1992, AM General revealed their first civilian Humvee to the public; it was dubbed the ‘Hummer’. This civilian version had been modified to include people-friendly features like air conditioning, a stereo system, sound insulation, and good-quality seat upholstery. Arnold Schwarzenegger purchased the first two Hummer units.
AM General continued producing and selling units of the Hummer until 1999 when it sold the Hummer brand to General Motors. As per the sales agreement between both companies, AM General was to continue manufacturing the Hummer vehicles while GM was to handle marketing and distribution. Not long after that, GM added two models to the Hummer range: the H2 and the H3, both of which were smaller than the original Hummer. GM also changed the name of the original Hummer to H1. AM General continued to produce the H1 Hummer until 2006, while GM produced the H2 and H3 Hummers. The H2 was built on a modified version of GM’s GMT820 platform, while the smaller H3 was built on a modified version of GM’s GMT345 platform.
Unfortunately, with the advent of the great recession in the late 2000s, most Americans questioned the viability of buying expensive, fuel-guzzling Hummer SUVs or trucks. Also, the snowballing fuel prices and the increased environmental awareness also worked against the brand. Therefore, GM placed the brand under review. In 2009, GM received an offer from Chinese manufacturer Sichuan Tengzhong Heavy Industrial Machinery Company to buy the Hummer brand, but unfortunately, the company withdrew their bid shortly after that. It is rumored that the Chinese ministry of commerce forbade the deal. Following the falling through of this deal, GM announced its intentions to shut down the operations of the Hummer brand in February 2010.
You can get OEM parts and accessories for the Hummer H1, H2, or H3 even though they are no longer in production. We at Grokauto.com can connect you with licensed Hummer part dealers that can provide such parts and accessories. There are also aftermarket Hummer parts and accessories; you can get them right here on Grokauto.com.